It is accepted by mainstream archaeology that civilization started in Iraq, in ancient Mesopotamia with the great civilisation of Sumeria. However, there is an archaeological discovery at the Al Ubaid archaeological site, where many pre-Sumerian 7,000-year-old artefacts were found, depicting humanoid figures with lizard characteristics.
The Ubaidian culture is a prehistoric culture in Mesopotamia that dates between 4000 and 5500 BC. As with the Sumerians, the origins of the Ubaidian people is unknown. They lived in large village settlements in mud-brick houses and they had developed architecture, agriculture and farmed the land using irrigation. The domestic architecture included large T-shaped houses, open courtyards, paved streets, as well as food processing equipment. Some of these villages began to develop into towns, temples began to appear, as well as monumental buildings such as in Eridu, Ur and Uruk, the major sites of the Sumerian Civilization. According to the Sumerian texts, Ur was believed to be the first city.
The main site where the unusual artefacts were discovered is called Tell Al’Ubaid – although figurines were also found in Ur and Eridu. The Al’Ubaid site is a small mound of about half a kilometre in diametre and two meters above ground. The site was first excavated by Harry Reginald Hal in 1919. Male and female figurines were found in different postures and in most of the figurines, they appear to be wearing a helmet and have some kind of padding on the shoulders. Other figurines were found to hold a staff or sceptre, possibly as a symbol of justice and ruling. Each figurine has a different pose but the strangest of all is that some female figurines hold babies suckling milk, with the child also represented as a lizard-type creature.
The figurines are presented with long heads, almond shaped eyes, long tapered faces and a lizard-type nose. What exactly they represent is completely unknown. According to archaeologists, their postures, such as a female figure breast-feeding, does not suggest that they were ritualistic objects. So what did these lizard figures represent?
SOUTERN IRAQ 4000 BC – 5500 BCE
|Female heads, two terracotta with almond like eyes
from Tell al-`Ubaid and from 4500 B.C.E, ( BEFORE COMMON ERA )
Male figurine Ubaid period Eridu seven miles from south west UR about 5000 BCE.
believed by the sumerians to be the first city and be at least ( 250,000 in Sumarians calculated years ).
figurine holds a staff representing justice, me or mes, ( rules ) word similar to the mess meaning a state of disorder or confusion.
Female Lizard Figurines terracotta, Ur, Ubaid culture, first half of the fourth millenium BCE, h: 14cm From the Ubaid – Southern Mesopotamian Period, 4000 BCE – 5000 BCE Found in Ur
Female Lizard fegurine mother feeding a long headed child Ubaid,
Ur, Southern Iraque, 4000 BCE – 5000 BCE
Female Lizard figurines, Mesopotania Ubaid period UR
about 4000 BCE- 5500 BCE. Mother feeding a long headed child
British Museum. NFO Source